Purple coneflowers (Echinacea purpurea) are grown both for their lovely flowers and for their usefulness as the source of medicinal echinacea. Several pollinators are attracted to the flower, especially butterflies. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Pick an image for a larger view. The genus Echinacea in the Asteraceae family comprises nine species of flowering plants. Once planted and established, learning how to care for coneflowers is easy. Planting purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) in the garden or flower bed draws bees and butterflies, ensuring that nearby plants have plenty of pollinators. The petals may be pink or white in some rare instances. Purple coneflowers are quintessential prairie plants. Eastern purple coneflower is an erect, long lived, perennial herb that grows one to three feet in height, and produces a woody rhizome. Photo by Kimberly Booth. Coneflower care may include limited fertilization, but this is often not needed. Its flowers are similar to our native Echinacea angustifolia (Narrow-leaved Purple Coneflower), which has mostly basal leaves that are long and narrow. The sturdy stalks, which may reach 5 feet in height, rarely bend or require staking for an upright appearance. Purple coneflower is a perennial plant that is native to midwestern and southeastern United States. They are hardy, drought-tolerant, and long-blooming, and they are being cultivated in an ever-widening range of colors. Water plants often the first year. Coneflower, any of three genera of weedy plants in the family Asteraceae, all native to North America. Stems: Usually branched, usually hirsute, sometimes glabrous. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? It's hard to find a garden without at least one variety. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Thanks for your understanding. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Other Names: Eastern Purple Coneflower Description: This elegant echinacea produces large purple flowers with coppery centers; a perfect choice for planting in groups, along border edges, or in containers; great for flower arrangements, attracts pollinators Purple coneflowers (Echinacea purpurea) are one of ten species of Echinacea, a native family of flowering perennial plants. When planting purple coneflower, locate them in a full sun area. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. The leaves have a few teeth and hairy on both sides, lanceolate in shape, with pointed tips. It may grow 3 to 4 feet tall and produce pinkish-purple flowers that mature in early summer through mid-fall. It can make for thick showy stands in the garden but is subject to aster yellows, a phytoplasma spread by leafhoppers that affects a large number of herbaceous species and causes stunting and yellowing of the foliage and blasting of the flower heads. eaSterN PurPle CoNeflower Echinacea purpurea Growth habit: up to 3 feet tall, some greater than 4 feet FoliaGe: dark green with coarse, serrated margins, up to 8 inches Flowers: large and daisy-like, light pink to deep magenta, bright orange centers; many white-flowered, double It has broad, dark green, fuzzy leaves with a sturdy upright flower stalk. Eastern Purple Coneflower Echinacea is one of our personal favorites! Purple Coneflower is an herbaceous perennial in the aster family that is native to central and eastern USA. … Flowers are single on end of stout stem, with 15-20 rich pink to purplish rays (petals), each 1½ to 3 inches long and ¼ to ¾ inch wide, with 3 notched teeth at the tip. Noteworthy Characteristics. Tough, easy, adaptable, and long-blooming, this is a … Purple coneflower plants may be started from seed or root division: Growing purple coneflower from seeds is easy enough for the beginning gardener, while long-time gardeners delight in the ease of how to care for coneflowers. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. In the center is a large orange-brown disk, round to conical in shape, covered in tiny disk flowers with yellow pollen. Some species in each genus have reflexed ray flowers. Plant coneflower in hot, sunny spots and watch it thrive; once established, it tolerates drought well. Eastern coneflower is a native perennial flower that grows naturally along waterways of the Great Plains. Eastern Purple Coneflower is a Herb. Stems are mostly unbranched, typically brownish green. Coneflowers are easy to grow in average to dry, well drained soils. The plant also provides a tall background or repeating rows of large (often 6 inches across) purple, daisy-like flowers. It is native to eastern North America and present to some extent in the wild in much of the eastern, southeastern and midwest United States. The light green stems have small purple streaks and scattered white hairs. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Make the pruning cut on the flower stem just above the lowest green leaf. No-fuss coneflowers are perfect for garden and landscape beds and borders, especially mass plantings and meadow-style gardens. Form: Flower: Life Span: Short-lived perennial: Flower Color: Pink,purple: Fruit Color: NA: Phenology: Winter dormant: Noted for: Showy flowers: Landscaping. These plants can survive up to 5 to 6 years in the wild. Full sun is defined as at least six hours of sun each day. Leaves: Basal and cauline; alternate; petiole present on basal and lower cauline leaves, absent on upper cauline leaves; blade ovate to narrowly lanceolate, 2 to 12 inches long, .4 to 4.8 inches wide, base rounded to cordate, margins usually coarsely serrate to dentate, rarely entire, surfaces usually hirsute, sometimes glabrous. Please visit our sponsors Eastern Purple Coneflower Asteraceae (Compositae) Plant Specifics. Echinacea purpurea, Eastern Purple Coneflower is available at Toadshade Wildflower Farm, a mail order nursery in Frenchtown, NJ, that specializes in native perennial wildflower plants and seeds. This nonnative species is loved by deer and woodchucks which eat them right to the soil line. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Echinacea Purpurea or eastern purple coneflower in the garden with purple flowers and lot of insects like bees and butterflies. With a primarily Southeastern and Midwestern distribution in the United States, eastern purple coneflower's range does not include New England. There are nine species of Echinacea found in the United State, with every state except for our 9 western-most states having at least one species. A native to the eastern United States, purple coneflowers are found in many flower gardens. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Echinacea purpuea is one of the great butterfly magnets of the native perennial garden. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. If flowers are small or poorly developed, try working in a small amount of well composted material in the soil around the plants. Coneflower plants may actually display pink flowers, when the cultivar Echinacea purpurea ‘Pink Double Delight’ is planted. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. It was used as a painkiller and for a variety of ailments, including toothache, coughs, colds, sore throats, and snake bite (Kindscher 1992). Does self seed on open ground and is loved by seed eating birds in winter. Recommended Uses: Works well in almost any garden with mixed wildflower species. Herbs are broad-leaved, herbaceous (non-woody) plant. The brown cone-shaped centers are surrounded by purple rays (petals) that are usually drooping. Stems and leaves are smooth or hairy to varying degrees. A native to the eastern United States, purple coneflowers are found in many flower gardens. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Rich or heavily amended soil may result in lush foliage and poor flowering. Ethnobotanic: Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) was and still is a widely used medicinal plant of the Plains Indians. Never had aster yellows on the plants but commonly have had problems with mite infections which look like aster-yellows in the way they deform the flower heads (called Fasciation). Flowers with large orange gold spiky centers and strong reflexed rose pink petals appear in … Leaves are mostly alternate, sometimes opposite, 3 to 6 inches long, 1 to 3 inches wide, lance-like, broader at the base, tapering to a point, stalked, becoming smaller and stalkless as they ascend the stem. * Echinacea purpurea (Eastern purple coneflower or Purple coneflower) is a species of flowering plant in the genus Echinacea. Eastern Purple Coneflower in Allegany Co., Maryland (8/25/2015). Its cone-shaped flowering heads are usually, but not always purple. In more southern areas, morning sun may facilitate the best performance, with late afternoon shade protecting the plants from burning. There may be some dead, brown leaves at … The alternate or opposite leaves are up to 6" long and 3" across, becoming smaller as they ascend the stems. Echinacea, Eastern Purple Coneflower 'Magnus' Echinacea purpurea: Bucyrus, oh 1 miles: Oxalis Species, Upright Yellow Woodsorrel, Yellow Wood Sorrel Oxalis stricta: Bucyrus, oh 1 miles: Alcea, Common Hollyhock, Garden Hollyhock 'Summer Carnival Mix' Alcea rosea: Bucyrus, oh 1 miles: Hybrid Tea Rose 'Chicago Peace' Rosa : Bucyrus, oh 1 miles Purple coneflower plants are drought resistant and often thrive in dry summers. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Once established, water one time per week. Photo by Jim Brighton. Eastern Purple Coneflower is not native to Minnesota, but is common in roadside plantings, both urban and rural, as well as increasingly a garden escapee. Herbaceous plants are also known as forbs or wildflowers . Eastern Purple Coneflowers blooming in Talbot Co., Maryland (7/14/2013). Where in Minnesota? Photos by Peter M. Dziuk taken in Winona County and in private garden in Anoka County. Planting purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) in the garden or flower bed draws bees and butterflies, ensuring that nearby plants have plenty of pollinators. Eastern Purple Coneflower is an introduced (native in some areas of North America - see below) erect perennial forb growing 2 to 5 feet in height on stems that usually do not branch and are green to brownish-green with some purple streaks and a few hair. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family Purple coneflower plants grow best in poor or lean soil. They are escapes from cultivated plants in a flower garden and are slowly spreading with about two dozen plants this year. Browse 5,640 eastern purple coneflower stock photos and images available, or search for purple forbidden city or narrow leaved purple coneflowers to find more great stock photos and pictures. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Echinacea purpurea - Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower. The purple coneflower plant has a hairy and robust stem that can grow anywhere from 2 feet to 4 feet in height. Coneflowers are a type of echinacea, a native eastern … It has a very distinctive flower with reddish-purple petals. Macro photography of Echinacea purpurea, eastern purple coneflower or also hedgehog coneflower captured together with a hoverfly. 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