Mature plants can be divided. Although this hardy plant can grow in areas that are less than ideal, it prefers full sun and rich, well-draining soil. Wild bergamot grows best in a moist, rich loam with a pH between 6 and 8, although loam soils may cause the plant to flop around during the growing season. Variety: Wild Bergamot (organic*) Can be grown in: Plant along your vegetable patch border, ideally against a wall or fence to give it some support. Minty leaves smell good when touched. Companion Plants Purple Coneflower Rattlesnake Master Joe Pye Weed Yellow Coneflower Compass … While both are prone to mildew, they benefit from similar prevention … COMPANION PLANTS: Butterfly Bush, Salvia, Coneflower Image: USFWS Mountain-Prairie , Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot (12775811995) , CC BY 2.0 Share this Like all monardas, it tends to get powdery mildew in late summer, but it isn’t a big deal. The Wichita Mountains form of Monarda fistulosa is a wildflower gem blooming in mid-summer with a fabulous display of lavender-pink flowers that attract hummingbirds. Also known by its scientific name, Monarda , it’s a flowering plant genus in the mint family. Mature plants can be divided. Wild Bergamot, also called bee balm or monarda, forms large bushy clumps with tons of lavender flowers blanketing the top. Purple ConeflowerRattlesnake MasterJoe Pye WeedYellow ConeflowerCompass PlantBig Bluestem, © 2020 Blazing Star Gardens LLC | blazingstargardens@gmail.com, Wild Bergamot/Bee Balm (Monarda fistulosa). Use mulch to maintain moisture around the plant, it will help to control the weed. Plants tolerate drought and shallow rocky infertile soils. Drought resistant/drought tolerant plant (xeric). Miscellaneous Soil. Sharing the colors and hues of bee balm it provides a sturdy mostly care-free floral display that compares favorably with monarda. Wild Bergamot is a member of the Mint family. Wild Bergamot is a favorite of butterflies, bees and hummingbirds. This is a beautiful North American wild flower with a strong scent and very attractive lavender coloured flowers. Big enough to be called bushy, plant this in a small group or scattered in a garden. Both intuition and objectivity guide my choice of Monarda—known also as bee balm, Oswego tea, horsemint, or bergamot—as one of my best friends in the herb garden. Number of plants: 3. Wild Bergamot is a favorite of bees and butterflies, but herbivores usually avoid it as the oregano-mint flavored leaves can cause indigestion. Like all monardas, it tends to get powdery mildew in late summer, but it isn’t a big deal. A small black sweat bee, Dufourea monardae, is a specialist of bee balm in the Midwest and Northeast. Bergamot can also be used for dried floral arrangements and potpourri where they offer long lasting colour. Companions. American or Wild senna. across (5-7 cm). Wisconsin’s Native Americans used bergamot for medicinal purposes. Bergamot plants prefer moist soils to keep moisture. Wild bergamot attracts a number of specialist bees, bumble bees, predatory wasps, hummingbirds, and hawk moths. However, if it doesn't get enough sunlight, it may not flower as much. Bees (attract & feed bees), Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Low Maintenance, Prairie planting, Wildflower, Wildlife. A cold-hardy perennial which can survive temperatures to -30C (-20F) Feeding. This flower—which smells a bit like oregano—is one of the best pollinator-attracting plants you can have in your garden. Topdress the dormant plants with good compost in winter. COMPANION PLANTS: There is a wide range of associates including yellow BEE BALM / WILD BERGAMOT SEEDS - Monarda fistulosa Famous for its beauty and fragrance, Bee Balm, also know as Wild Bergamot, is an old flower garden favorite.A Native North American Wildflower, Wild Bergamot can be found ranging from Canada to the American Southeast. Bergamot, Bee Balm Plants Monarda fistulosa Monarda fistulosa was the Herb Society of America's 2013 Notable Native Herb! ... Wild Bergamot. Blooming for weeks from mid summer to early fall, they rest upon a whorl of decorative whitish bracts. Lemon bergamot, in particular, offers very long lasting cut flowers. Today, many families still use wild bergamot during the cold and flu season. In the Kitchen: Bergamot leaves are wonderful used in herbal tea. Wild Bergamot sends up multiple leafy stems in a tight cluster, giving the plant a bushy appearance. PerennialSun:    Full Sun, Part ShadeMoisture:    Dry, Medium, Medium-WetHeight:    4 feetBlooms:    July, Aug, SeptColor:    PurpleSpacing:    2-3′Spreads: 8” a year by roots; a lot by seedZones:    3-9Benefits:    Butterflies, Pollinators, Hummingbirds. Bergamot (Monarda didyma) is a North American native plant with a scent of oranges. CULTURAL & MAINTENANCE NEEDS: Monarda bradburiana thrives in sun or part shade with well drained soil. Space plants between 18 and 24 inches apart. Bergamot is a good all round companion for plants that need any … It flowers from June to September in dryer areas, on waste lands, and woodland borders throughout most of the United States and Canada. The stems are square and the gray-green, hairy leaves have jagged edges and are 1-3 in long. It was used most commonly to treat colds, and was frequently made into a tea. This species is resistant to powdery mildew. Wild Strawberry. A good companion for bee balm is summer phlox (Phlox paniculata). To prevent the center from dying, divide it into 2 to 3 years, as it dies from the middle and starts spreading to the unwanted area. Wild Licorice. It’s a very bushy plant that spreads a lot by roots and by seed—making it best suited for large, wild gardens. Swallowtail butterflies and pollinators are attracted to this plant for nectar and pollen. Bergamot/bee balm. SUGGESTED CARE: Requires little care once established. Plants. You can divide its new roots in the spring and transplant new plants. Bergamot Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Plants such as beans, for example, fix nutrients back into the soil, making them available for neighboring plants. Be careful–Wild Bergamot spreads both by underground rhizomes (roots) and by seed. There are 2 varieties of Wild Bergamot in Minnesota, var. Frost tolerant. Wild bergamot, more commonly known as bee balm or Monarda fitulosa, is a perennial flowering plant native to North America. Companion Plants The most obvious choices for companion plants for Wild Bergamot would have to be Red Bee Balm, and Spotted Bee Balm. Wild Bergamot is a favorite of bees and butterflies, but herbivores usually avoid it as the oregano-mint flavored leaves can cause indigestion. Companion Plants. It’s also known as horsemint and wild bergamot, and is native to North America. But they bloom at different times, providing you with a succession of blooms that will attract hummingbirds. Although only briefly in bloom, this plant is visited by bees, butterflies, and bumblebees. Plant in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in sun or partial shade. Luckily for us, these "mystery" plants were wild bergamot (Monardo fistulosa), and they turned out to be our biggest bonus "crop" of all! Monarda bradburiana has similar appearance and culture and could be substituted in some situations. Wild bergamot was considered a medicinal plant by many Native Americans including the Menominee, the Ojibwe, and the Winnebago (Ho-Chunk). 1. The leaves are also wonderful used in herbal tea. Also known as bee balm, this plant is a valuable nectar source for monarch butterflies, and the flower clusters are highly attractive to native bees and bumblebees. This is an aromatic family of herbs, which means you gain an eye-catching flowering plant which bees and other pollinators love, and its flowers and leaves can also be used in your cooking. Suggested uses. Monarda fistulosa (Wild bergamot) will reach a height of 1.2m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years. Black-eyed Susan. Position. Wisconsin’s Native Americans used bergamot for medicinal purposes. Number of plants: 3. Cosmos and Lovage. Wild Bergamot. Members of the mint family (Lamiaceae), Monarda didyma (Bee Balm) and Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot) are the most commonly cultivated of the 16 species native to North America. It grows up to 5 feet tall and produces pinkish-purple flowers in mid- to late summer. Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot) is a clump-forming perennial boasting masses of fragrant, lilac-purple, tubular flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads, 2-3 in. Garlic, for example, repels slugs and aphids – which is great if we plant them next to our veggies who have a known weakness for aphids. Delivery: These plants can be delivered from September until mid/late October, depending on the season. It is a clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4' tall. BC AB SK MB desert forest grassland mountain ocean urban wetland. Wild bergamot. Feel free to plant your wild bergamot either in the spring or the fall. May require staking in small gardens and needs competition to control spreading. AddThis. They made a tea to treat colds. Monarda fistulosa, commonly called wild bergamot, is a native perennial that occurs in dryish soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads. They made a tea to treat colds. The Indigenous peoples of North America had many medicinal uses for Wild Bergamot, from curing headaches to relieving the symptoms of colds and fevers. Plants grow 1-2’ tall with an equal spread. Wood Lily. Plants bloom more vigorously if they are divided in spring or fall every 3-4 years. Did you know? Be careful–Wild Bergamot spreads both by underground rhizomes (roots) and by seed. If you give them ample water at least once a week or more during the growing season, bee balm (Monarda) will reward you with its charming flowers for two months or more. SUGGESTED CARE: Requires little care once established. ... An In-Depth Companion Planting Guide May require staking in small gardens and needs competition to control spreading. Wild Mint. Other companion plants emit a strong odor that pests detest. COMPANION PLANTS: There is a wide range of associates including yellow The stems are square and the gray-green, hairy leaves have jagged edges and are 1-3 in long. Rich soil that holds moisture well. Besides being related through genus, they like the same/similar conditions. Beargrass. Companion Plants for Bee Balm. COMPANION & UNDERSTUDY PLANTS: Try pairing Monarda fistulosa with Coreopsis tripteris, Rudbeckia hirta, Liatris spicata, Schizachyrium scoparium and Andropogon gerardii. Wild bergamot prefers full sun but will tolerate light shade. fistulosa, very common throughout the state, and var. Wild bergamot is one of several plants also known by the common name of bee balm. An introductory nature guide to the plants and animals of Western Canada. Aster. Variety: Wild Bergamot (organic*) In the Kitchen: Bergamot leaves make a fantastic accompanying flavour to meat dishes. menthaefolia, a more western species found in only a few Minnesota counties. Its pinkish-lavender flowers look like ragged pompoms at the top of 2-5 ft stems. The latter is a shorter, little branched plant with leaf stalks that are rarely over … Morning sun with partial afternoon shade. Wild Blue Flax. Moderately xeric once established. The leaves can be used sparingly in salads and fruit drinks, while the dried leaves or fresh leaves can be made into a tea. How to Grow Bergamot. Blazing Star. Wild bergamot does require a spot with plenty of air circulation to prevent powdery mildew. Cultivation. An excellent native plant for a wild garden, Monarda fistulosa grows to two to three feet and has tousled pink-purple flowers that attract hummingbirds and bees. I first met beautiful, wild Monarda didyma in the woodlands and meadows of North Carolina. 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